Skip links

Pros and Cons of Treasury Bills

Pros and Cons of Treasury Bills

Not only do people and organizations in a sovereign state like India take out loans to fund various operations, but the government and inside governing authorities do the same. On behalf of the federal government, the RBI auctions off government securities to trusts, corporations, banks, insurance companies, state governments, qualified provident funds, and financial institutions. These auctions moreover indulge participation from individual investors.

Are you trying to find a unscratched way to invest in India? Treasury bills, moreover known as T-bills, could be the answer. Investing in T-bills offers a unspoiled way to grow your money. T-bills can play a crucial role in your investment strategy, whether you’re looking to diversify your portfolio or want to start towers it.

What is a Treasury Bill?

A Treasury snout is a short-term debt instrument issued by the government. Considering the government’s creditworthiness supports it, it is regarded as one of the safest investment options available.

Because T-bills do not pay interest on a regular understructure during their tenure, they are moreover known as zero-coupon securities. Rather, they are distributed at a price lower than their squatter value. The difference between the discounted purchase price and the squatter value represents the return you earn upon maturity.

For instance, a discounted price of Rs. 128.40 can be obtained for a 91-day Treasury snout with a squatter value of Rs. 130. Individuals can realize a profit of Rs. 1.60 upon maturity, as they are eligible to receive the full nominal value of Rs. 130.

Why Does the Government Issue Treasury Bills?

  • Raise Capital

T-bills help the government to raise money quickly. The government can raise increasingly money with the help of a short-term Treasury snout to meet its current obligations, which are in glut of its yearly revenue generation. This money covers things like upkeep shortfalls or paying for other governmental operations.

Regulate Currency Circulation

  • T-Bills help the government tenancy the value of money floating in the economy. The government lowers inflation by taking out the glut money in diffusion in the market through the sale of T-Bills. It powerfully curbs the surging demand rates, and in turn, upper prices hurting the poorer sections of the society.

Alternatively, the RBI implements a contractionary OMO regime during recessions and slowdowns by reducing the diffusion of Treasury bills and the bonds’ respective discounted values. It discourages people from investing in this area, increasing mazuma flows to the stock markets in its place and ensuring a uplift in the productivity of most companies. Such a rise in productivity has a positive impact on the GDP and volume demand levels in an economy.


Types of Treasury Bill

The pursuit list of treasury snout types is used to distinguish between them equal to their tenure:

Type Maturity Period Auction Frequency Average Returns
91-day T-bills 3 months Every Wednesday 6.75%
182-day T-bills 6 months Every Wednesday 6.91%
364-day T-bills 1 year Every Wednesday 6.96%

Source: Business Standard

Various investment horizons are misogynist to you with these T-bills based on your preferences and financial objectives. Each type provides a short term investment opportunity with varying durations.

The squatter value and unbelieve rate of these immuration fluctuate over time based on the RBI’s monetary policy, funding needs, total bids made, and other factors.

Pros of Treasury Bills

  • Secure and liquid investment:

Treasury bills are one of the most popular short-term government schemes issued by the RBI and are backed by the inside government.

T-bills are a great investment option for investors seeking a less risky and increasingly liquid investment. Being government-backed, the risk of default is less, and their upper liquidity ensures easy trading. T-bills can moreover be hands converted into mazuma in an emergency by selling them on the secondary market.

  • High Returns:

T-bills are a good option for people seeking restrictedly higher returns without taking on any risk considering they yield higher returns than other securities in the short term.

  • Diverse Maturity Periods:

T-bills offer a range of maturity periods. This allows you to segregate the maturity period that aligns with your investment goals.

  • Non-competitive bidding:

Every week, the RBI holds a non-competitive vendition of Treasury bills, which enables retail and small-scale investors to participate without having to provide the yield rate or price. It raises the value of money flowing into the wanted market by exposing increasingly novice investors to the government securities market.

  • Regular Issuance:

T-bills are regularly auctioned off by the government, ensuring you have a continuous supply of investment opportunities. This provides flexibility in terms of maturity and allows you to invest in T-bills as per your preferences.

Portfolio Diversification:

T-bills are valuable for diversifying your investment portfolio. They are low-risk resources that wastefulness your overall risk profile.

Cons of Treasury Bills

Relatively Low Returns

The main drawback of government treasury securities is that they are known to generate relatively lower returns when compared to standard stock market investment tools. The returns expected are relatively low, ranging between 3.39% to 6.63%, based on the holding period of the treasury bill.

Taxable profits

The profits earned are taxed as short-term wanted gains that must be widow to overall income and taxed as per the income bracket. Additionally, Treasury bills do not qualify for any tax deductions under Section 80C of the 1961 Income Tax Act.

So Investors who are looking for unscratched and upper returns investments can invest their money in real manor structured debt through platforms like Assetmonk, which offers an unpreventable IRR of 17%. Signature Series B is Assetmonk’s latest unscratched investments with upper returns in India offering minimal investment of just 10 Lakhs and a silver lining comes in the form of potential tax benefits where investors can requirement tax benefits of up to Rs 50,000.

How to Buy Treasury Bills in India?

1. Primary Auctions

You can participate in auctions conducted by the Reserve Wall of India (RBI). Eligible parties, including banks and specific non-banking financial companies, are invited to submit bids.

2. Secondary Markets

After the initial auction, T-Bills are listed and traded on the secondary market. You can purchase T-bills on the secondary market by contacting a wall that deals in government securities or through a broker.

3. Retail Direct Gilt (RDG) Account

A registered intermediary, such as a wall or non-banking financial institution, is where you can unshut an RDG account. This will let you directly transact with government securities, including T-Bills.

Factors That Can Influence the T-Bills Price

  • Economic Conditions:

When the interest rates on T-bills go up, the prices of T-bills you once have tend to decrease. People go elsewhere in search of largest returns, which is why this occurs. Conversely, T-bill prices typically increase in response to decreases in T-bill interest rates.

  • T-Bill Interest Rates:

How the economy is doing, like whether prices are going up (inflation), the economy is growing, or there are many people without jobs, can stupefy T-bill prices. Especially if people expect prices to go up a lot, they might want to buy T-bills to protect their money.

  • Government Actions:

Treasury bills can moreover be unauthentic by government actions; for example, if the government decides to yo-yo the interest rate on T-bills, purchasing them may result in changes to monetary or fiscal policy.

  • Supply and Demand:

If there is a large demand for Treasury bills but not unbearable supply, the price will rise. But Prices may go lanugo if only a few people want to invest in them or there are too many available.

  • Market Sentiments:

Treasury snout prices can occasionally be influenced by public sentiment regarding the stock market and the economy. If people worry well-nigh what’s happening in the world or there’s a big financial problem, they might want to buy T-bills, which can increase their prices.

Bottom Line

A well-turned investment portfolio has a mix of equity-based and debt-based based instruments. It moreover consists of a combination of sovereign-guaranteed instruments and private sector investment opportunities. If you are in the process of towers your portfolio, it is essential to start diversifying with a mix of these elements.

Investing in treasury bills is a promising way to diversify your portfolio and build increasingly safety and security into it. Liquidity is a bonus that allows you to wangle funds within a year of investing.

T-bills provide a secure and low-risk investment thoroughfare for individuals and institutions in India. With their lulu features and ease of investment, T-bills can be valuable to your investment portfolio. Surpassing investing in Treasury bills, you must consider your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. Moreover, remember to consult with a financial counselor to make informed decisions.

As one of the leading platforms for alternative investment in India, Assetmonk offers individuals the opportunity to invest in fixed-income resources through real manor structured debts. With a minimum investment of 10 lakhs and an unpreventable IRR of 17 percent, Assetmonk provides exclusive, secure and tailored investment options to its valued clients. Additionally, investors may moreover be eligible for a potential tax goody of up to Rs. 50,000.

Related Articles

  1. How To Invest 25 lakhs for Monthly Income.
  2. Long Term Vs Short Term Real Manor Investment – Find The Right Strategy For Your Needs.
  3. Best Short Term Investments With Higher Returns.


Q1. What is the difference between treasury bills and government securities?

A. Government Security is a tradable investment instrument issued by the Inside Government or the State Governments. They can be either long-term (usually referred to as government immuration or dated securities with a maturity of one year or more) or short-term (usually referred to as treasury bills, with maturities of less than one year).

Q2. What is the minimum value you can invest in T-bills?

A. To purchase 91-day, 182-day, and 364-day Treasury Bills, you must invest a minimum of INR 10,000 per lot. You can moreover purchase increasingly treasury bills in multiples of INR 10,000.

Q3. What is the 1 year T snout rate?

A. According to WintWealth, the September 2023 data shows, a 1 year T-bill yield in India is 7.042%.

Q4. Can I sell the T-bills?